Semi-Transparent Shear Turbulence in Hot Jupiter Atmospheres [arXiv:2112.12127]

Ein neues Dokument wurde auf gefunden: Semi-Transparent Shear Turbulence in Hot Jupiter Atmospheres. (13 Seiten, 13 Abbildungen, 1 Tabelle)

Autoren: Kristen Menou

Turbulent transport driven by secular shear instabilities can lead to enhanced vertical mixing in hot Jupiter atmospheres, impacting their cloudiness, chemistry and overall vertical structure. We discuss the turbulent regime expected and evaluate theoretical uncertainties on the strength of the vertical mixing (i.e, Kzz values). We focus our work on three well-studied hot Jupiters with a hierarchy of atmospheric temperatures: HD189733b (Teq≃1200K), HD209458b (Teq≃1450K) and Kepler7b (Teq≃1630K). Kzz uncertainties are large. They are dominated by i) the poorly understood magnitude of turbulent transport and ii) the semi-transparent nature of shear turbulence near the planetary photosphere. Using a specific Moore-Spiegel instability threshold, we infer that the cooler HD189733b is not subject to enhanced mixing from semi-transparent shear turbulence while the daysides of the hotter Kepler7b and (marginally so) HD209458b are. Enhanced vertical mixing is generally expected to manifest on hot enough exoplanets, with Teq>1500−1600K. On a given planet, day and night Kzz profiles can differ by an order of magnitude or more. Vertical mixing is slightly favoured in equatorial regions, where the atmospheric zonal shear is strongest. In all three planetary cases studied, momentum feedback on the atmospheric mean flow is minor to negligible.

Michael Johne

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